Multi-plexing single vial proces analytical technologies. Podium presentation at "Freeze Drying of Pharmaceutical and Biologicals", 2018 Sept 18 - 21, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany

Cite as:
Smith, G. (2018). Multi-plexing single vial proces analytical technologies. Podium presentation at "Freeze Drying of Pharmaceutical and Biologicals", Sept 18 - 21, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany

The presentation describes the use of a dual-electrode, through vial impedance spectroscopy (TVIS) method for the determination of drying rates and the prediction of ice interface and ice base temperatures from which the single vial heat transfer coefficient was calculated.